Existentialism In Dystopian Modern Sci-Fi

The Modern young-adult literary journey motion pictures, equivalent to The Hunger Games, The Divergent sequence, The Maze Runner and The Lord of the Flies, have a recurring affect of a post-apocalyptic, dystopian society located in a futuristic time. The society which is ‘panopticonic’ in sure methods is a totalitarian society that forces the adolescent girls and boys to both participate in a lethal recreation (The Hunger Games, 2008) being broadcast for the leisure of the dwellers of the panopticonic society, or to map the puzzle of the maze with a purpose to perform an “experiment” (The Maze Runner, 2009), or by forcing the youths to decide on a specific faction and change into the a part of the “survival of the fittest” wrestle or change into faction- much less (The Divergent Series, 2011).

The recurrent philosophical themes in these motion pictures may be learn because the media-obsessed hedonistic tradition of the society or an extension of the non secular existential ideological consciousness. The kids’s science fiction, “The City of Embers (2003)” written by Jeanne DuPrau, “The City Under Ground (1963) written by Suzanne Martel and “The Time of Darkness (1980)” by Helen Mary Hoover, are tales which have an analogous type of post-apocalyptic society through which the residents lead a life fully unaware of the surface world, and of their ignorant state they settle for their world as the final word actuality and the one approach of survival.

Sartre and Nietzsche had been the front-runners in devising the philosophy of existentialism (though they didn’t use the time period ‘Existentialism’ themselves). Nietzsche was the one who coined the time period “God is useless”, understanding the implication of a world the place God doesn’t exist, or in describing a type of society the place the fact of the existence of God is disparaged from a cultural perspective. Although he was an atheist and didn’t consider within the existence of God, this time period is a sign that the “Idea of ​​God” is required in a society for it to function in an ethical approach. And obliterating the “thought” of God from the entire image would make the existence of Man as meaningless. Constantly ridden by the questions of the ‘Existence’ and the futile search of Man to search out some that means, readability and unity in a milieu of a chaotic and an obscure world, which requires the ‘Idea’ of God to guide a significant life, are the explanations the motion was known as as “Existentialism”.

However, with the appearance of the concept of ​​a “Panopticon Society” within the current Sci-fi literature and film tradition, the place the inmates are continually made conscious that they’re being watched, signifies to the evolution of a social consciousness from the sooner” God is useless” and “Life is meaningless” ideology, to an consciousness that “We aren’t alone” or that “there’s something past” the ‘Walls’.

In the film “The Hunger Games” based mostly on the ebook written by Suzanne Collins, this existential philosophy is vividly manifested. The protagonist of the story (Katniss) is determined as one of many 2 “Tributes” to characterize her district within the annual starvation video games, the place every of the tribute has to battle for survival and kill the others with a purpose to win the sport and are available out alive. Two tributes from the 12 districts are supplied within the video games and despatched to the “Capital” for his or her coaching. Each of the tribute is obtainable one of the best provisions and lodging, in full distinction to the sparse sustenance again within the district. The torturing and killing of the tributes turns into a mode of leisure for the city-dwellers of the capital, indicative of the mindset devoid of mercy or any morals. A type of society which is a duplicate of Nietzsche’s ‘godless world’, untouched by the ethical actuality, the place the individuals are slaughtered for enjoyable, with out the worry of heaven or hell, and the one energy that exists, is within the arms of those that management the sources.

“The Divergent sequence”, written by Veronica Roth and “The Maze Runner” by James Dashner portraying an analogous type of walled metropolis or ‘Panopticon’. The Dwellers of the walled metropolis are unaware of the “experiment” that they’re part of. They settle for and consider the enclosed area to be the one approach of survival. However, the protagonists don’t settle for this and regardless of understanding that they’d “disrupt the peace (of ignorance)” of the existence of each dweller of the society by looking for what’s past the “towering wall”, taking a leap of religion they’ dauntlessly’ overcome the obstacles directed at them and get to the opposite aspect symbolic of the method of ascension from the mortal realm to the spirit realm, solely to appreciate, that which is past the wall is maybe their arch-nemesis.

The thought of ​​the ‘Panopticon’ is metaphorical with our ‘enclosed and monitored’ existence on this planet. And in distinction to the earlier ideology of a “Godless World”, maybe we’re drifting in direction of a ‘homogenized’ social consciousness that there’s “one thing past” and that we’re not confined on this “Earthy Panopticon”. However, the individuals being “the product of the society” that they’re, maybe formulate that which is past, as one thing which isn’t a pal however a foe.

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