5 Ways Brexit Has Impacted British Imports And Exports To The EU

Ever for the reason that UK voted to depart the EU in June 2016, British companies have needed to take care of many uncertainties. Even as Brexit drew nearer, there was little indication of what kind it could take, or how commerce can be affected.

A withdrawal settlement which saved the UK throughout the EU’s single market till thirty first December 2020 prevented new rules being created throughout this time, and a post-Brexit commerce deal was lastly struck by EU and UK negotiators on December twenty fourth 2020.

This led to new rules being launched on the products that depart the UK, the products that are available in, the paperwork that must be accomplished when transporting shipments, and lots of different areas.

These rules have prompted difficulties for a lot of companies, and offered couriers with a number of obstacles to navigate when coming into or exiting continental Europe. All this has impacted on provide chains and led to shortages of sure items, amongst different issues.

In this text, we’ll define 5 of the primary challenges that companies, couriers, and shoppers at the moment are dealing with because of Brexit.

  1. Increased Bureaucracy

Just a few of the data which must be offered throughout the new customs documentation consists of:

  • Which modes of transport (eg ferry/practice and many others.) might be used to take the products from A to B
  • The deal with of who despatched the products, and who will obtain them
  • Which ports the products will go by way of after they depart the UK and enter the EU, or vice versa
  • The amount of the products inside every cargo, and their weight
  • An outline of the cargo, and the packaging used to guard it
  • Details on the proprietor of the courier car, and the car’s nationality
  • For some items, particulars of all of the nations the trailer will go by way of earlier than reaching its vacation spot have to be said

‘This is the largest imposition of purple tape that companies have needed to take care of in 50 years’

William Bain,

British Retail Consortium

  1. Delays

Delays within the provide chain are anticipated as there might be new checks on imported and exported items, together with:

  • Rules of origin checks
  • Food inspections

Meanwhile, the next paperwork can even should be crammed in and checked:

  • An export doc
  • An import doc
  • A business bill
  • A packing checklist
  • ENS/SSD documentation
  • GVMS (for transporting items from the EU to the UK)
  • A transit accompanying doc (for transporting items by way of a 3rd nation while in transit)

Most checks on items coming into the UK from the EU might be delayed till 1 July 2021 because of the COVID-19 disaster, though there’ll nonetheless be checks on deliveries of managed substances equivalent to alcohol and tobacco.

Full controls on British exports to the EU started on 1 January 2021.

‘What has been serially misunderstood by numerous components of presidency is the size of the complexity for individuals on the bottom coping with the paperwork’

Duncan Buchanan,

Road Haulage (*5*)

  1. Higher Prices

The further work wanted to finish paperwork, test items, and adjust to rules could make imports costlier in each the EU and the UK.

Retailers who’re used to transferring their inventory freely across the EU customs union have needed to create separate provide chains for the UK. That is costing them extra money. Many firms additionally now face increased prices and elevated paperwork with the intention to adjust to UK tax authorities.

At the identical time, worldwide transport firms together with Federal Express and TNT have stated they’re levying further fees on shipments between the UK and the EU.

For instance, mail and freight firm TNT has stated it’s now imposing a surcharge of £4.31 on all shipments between the UK and the EU. Rivals DHL and UPS have additionally taken comparable measures.

‘To mirror the incremental value of customs clearance, we’re growing transportation charges for shipments from UK to EU, and EU to UK.’


  1. Shortages

Nearly 30% of all of the meals consumed within the UK is imported from the EU, and delays within the provide chain might trigger shortages. With non-perishable gadgets, there had been some stockpiling by UK retailers in preparation for Brexit, however these further provides will not final perpetually.

Some EU specialist on-line retailers have stated they’ll cease supplying the UK completely due to tax modifications which got here into power on 1 January 2021. For instance, the Netherlands-based bicycle half agency Dutch Bike Bits stated any longer it could ship to each nation on this planet besides the UK.

‘We are compelled by British coverage to cease coping with British clients’

Dutch Bike Bits

  1. The Northern Ireland Border Issues

Northern Ireland will stay within the EU single marketplace for items, and in contrast to the remainder of the UK it can proceed to get pleasure from frictionless commerce with the EU, with no checks of any form going down on the land border with the Republic of Ireland.

However, there might be new paperwork throughout the UK between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

For instance, the EU has strict guidelines on merchandise of animal origin, equivalent to meat, milk, fish, and eggs, and from January 1st 2021 any of this stuff which depart Great Britain and enter Northern Ireland (due to this fact additionally coming into the EU’s single market ) should go by way of a border management publish the place paperwork is bodily inspected, and a proportion of products bodily inspected.

All shipments from Great Britain to Northern Ireland can even want a security and safety declaration, and a customs declaration from a brand new IT system which merchants have not used earlier than.

Retailers are nonetheless looking for solutions about find out how to ship parcels from Great Britain to Northern Ireland, and a few have already suspended deliveries.

‘There continues to be not enough readability from the Government on what’s going to be concerned by way of regulatory and customs course of’

Stephen Farry,

MP for North Down

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